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How Long Can Someone Live With Heart Disease? Factors Affecting Life Expectancy!

Heart disease also known as cardiovascular disease remains a leading cause of death in the United States. It refers to various conditions affecting the heart ...

by Kendra Reed

This article was created after thorough research and has been improved with the assistance of AI technology. Furthermore, our dedicated editorial team has meticulously fact-checked and polished its content for accuracy and clarity.

Heart disease also known as cardiovascular disease remains a leading cause of death in the United States. It refers to various conditions affecting the heart and its ability to pump enough blood to the rest of the body. Statistics suggest that annually, 1 in every 4 deaths in the US is a result of heart failure. 

In recent years, the advancement in treatment technology, awareness about the symptoms, and access to different sorts of treatments have helped to lower the mortality rate of people with heart disease. However, depending on the severity of the condition the prognosis for an individual with cardiovascular condition can vary. Various factors can influence the life expectancy of people with heart disease. Let’s find out what these factors can help you live a longer and happier life without worrying about your heart condition. 

What Determines The Life Expectancy Of A Heart Patient?

Heart disease can potentially impact the life expectancy of a person. Indeed, there are various misconceptions surrounding this topic. So, it is important to have an understanding of the actual factors determining the life expectancy of a person with poor heart health. 

The Life Expectancy Of A Heart Patient

The type and severity 

One of the top factors that can make a significant impact on the life expectancy of a heart patient is the type and severity of the heart disease. There are various types of heart disease, they include:

  • Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)  It is a common heart disease that refers to the development of plaque in the coronary artery. If left untreated the plaque will harden and block the artery which can lead to a heart attack. Early detection and the right kind of treatment will help a person to lead a productive and long life. 
  • Heart Failure  The condition occurs when the heart fails to pump enough blood to other parts of the body. Don’t let the name of the disease confuse you, your heart will be working but it fails to handle the amount of blood that it normally should. Depending on the age, type, and heart function, people with heart failure have a life span of 4 to 10 years shorter than those who don’t have it. 
  • Arrhythmias – It is a common condition in which the heart beats in an irregular rhythm. Triggered electrical signals in the heart play a crucial role in abnormal heart rhythms. People with arrhythmias or atrial fibrillation are more likely to lead a normal life. 
  • Valvular Disorder – As the name suggests, valvular heart disease occurs when the valves of the heart get damaged. A person with severe valvular disease who doesn’t undergo surgery has a 50% survival rate in one year. People with mild valvular disease are able to live normal lives with treatments. 

The type, severity, and access to the right kind of treatment are chief elements in influencing the prognosis of a heart patient. 

Overall health status

If you have heart disease, your overall health status plays a crucial role in your life expectancy. The health conditions such as diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, thyroid issues, and kidney disease exacerbate heart disease.

Lifestyle factors such as smoking, unhealthy diet, being physically inactive, excessive stress, and sedentary jobs additionally contribute to worsening the situation. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and getting additional treatments for coexisting health conditions help to improve longevity. Otherwise, heart disease and other lifestyle conditions are a dangerous combination. 

Treatment and management

Get proper treatment to extend life expectancy if you suffer from heart disease. Effective medications, procedures such as angioplasty or bypass surgery, and implanting pacemakers or defibrillators are the common life-saving non-invasive, and invasive treatments. Effective cardiac rehabilitation programs also play a vital part in improving the physical and mental health of a patient. Along with the treatments, careful cooperation is also an important element. Regular follow-ups, proper medication regimens, and lifestyle modifications will go in hand with the treatment process. 

Access to quality treatments and medical care

A patient’s socio-economic background indeed plays an inevitable role in access to medical care. However, getting treatment from a specialized cardiac expert or surgeon will improve the chances of recovery in heart patients. Getting treated by a specialist will enable prompt diagnosis, adequate treatment, and proper monitoring. 

Besides, risk factors such as being older than 65, family history of congestive heart failure, and other elements like ejection fraction and the ability to perform exercises can also impact the assessment of the life expectancy of an individual with cardiovascular diseases. 

Conclusion

Heart disease can influence the life expectancy of people, however, the mortality rate varies from person to person depending on the early diagnosis, effective management, and adequate lifestyle changes. It is crucial to follow the guidelines of the doctors and healthcare providers. Properly taking your medications, frequent follow-ups, managing your diet, and staying physically active will improve the prognosis and chances of living a quality life even with heart disease. 

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